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Academic Minor Requirements

Students must maintain a minimum 2.3 GPA in all courses required for the Minor.
Up to 4 credits can count toward a student's major and minor.

10 Credit Hours in Required Core Courses

EDUC 300FF/HPW 305 - Foundations of Outdoor and Experiential Education
This course provides an introduction to and broad overview of experiential education and the sub-disciplines of outdoor adventure-based education. We will examine the history, philosophy, and ethics involved in these educational approaches. In addition, we will identify various mechanisms and strategies which contribute to student learning in the above contexts. We will specifically focus on the experiential learning cycle, constructivist approaches to teaching and learning, and understanding the nature of effective instruction in outdoor and adventure-based settings. 3 Credit Hours

HPW 300 - Outdoor Trip Leader Training
This course is part of the Outdoor Recreation Program's Trip Leader Certification. Students in this class will gain professional outdoor leadership training and work as trip leaders for Westminster's Outdoor Recreation Program. No prior experience is necessary; however, students must have the desire and commitment to learn the required outdoor skills and participate in the full year certification process. Students will learn the leadership, communication, group management, and risk management skills necessary to successfully guide students in the wilderness. This will include knowledge of emergency procedures. Certifications such as Wilderness First Responder and/or other skill types such as avalanche and rock climbing certifications will also be required. This course involves additional time commitments for outdoor trips. 1 or 2 Credit Hours

HPW 300 - Outdoor Skills Courses (2)
Choose from Indoor Rock Climbing, Advanced Indoor Climbing, Ladies Only Indoor Climbing, Outdoor Rock Climbing, Level I Avalanche Awareness, Wilderness First Responder, Intro to Backcountry Skiing, or other skills based certifications, training with the American Mountain Guide Association or National Outdoor Leadership School or other trainings/certifications by approval. 2-4 Credit Hours

EDUC 400 - Seminar in Outdoor Education & Leadership
This is the capstone course for the Outdoor Education and Leadership Minor.  We will explore historical and theoretical foundations of Outdoor Education and Leadership as well as current issues and trends in the field.  Topics will include Outdoor Education and Leadership as it applies to society (both local and global), public land management (federal, state, and local), ethics (environmental and virtue-based,) practical application of research, opportunities for further education in the field, and career opportunities.  During the course, students will identify their individual context for Outdoor Education and Leadership.  They will research that particular area, write a literature review, and then present their personal professional philosophy and how they plan to contribute to the field based on their career goals and education thus far. 3 Credit Hours

Plus 10 Credit Hours in Elective Courses

HPW 355/ENVI 300F - Outdoor Leadership
This outdoor leadership course is designed for students with an interest in organizing and leading outdoor trips. Topics covered include basic wilderness survival, navigation skills, route planning, hazard awareness, group dynamics, communication and leadership techniques, food rationing and outdoor cooking, emergency procedures, and Leave-No-Trace skills. Students will participate in both classroom and wilderness settings, including weekend trips to apply knowledge. 2 Credit Hours

EDUC 315 - Learning Theory
Students examine, integrate, and apply principles of learning of learning and developmental theories to classroom environments. Includes related behaviorist, cognitive, and developmental theorists. Prerequisites: PSYC 105. 3 Credit Hours

EDUC 313 - Adult Learning Theory
Explores adult learning theory and research and their applications to learning situations. Includes discussion of social, institutional, and other contextual factors that affect learning, as well as individual characteristics of adults such as developmental phases, cognitive abilities, learning styles, motivations and emotions. 3 Credit Hours

EDUC 205 - Service Learning
Students will learn about the process of service learning as a means of understanding the connection between their field of endeavor and the diverse needs of their community. To further understand these needs, students will spend a minimum of eight hours providing service to individuals or agencies. Students will make connections between their own field and community service through in class activities and personal reflection.

PHIL 307 - Environmental Ethics
An examination of moral issues resulting from human use of the natural environment. Focuses on future responsibility as it results from action in the present, an examination of traditional secular and religious conceptions of morality which may have contributed to the "environmental crisis," and a consideration of alternative views such as zoocentrism, biocentrism, ecocentrism, ecofeminism, the "land ethic," and ecojustice. Prerequisite: PHIL 102. 4 Credit Hours

MGMT 205  - Leadership Development
This course provides an intellectual and analytical examination of the core issues in the practice of leadership. Students will examine these issues of leadership within the Westminster College and local community environments. The course will contain a mix of theory and practice, and students will use an experiential, applied instructional approach. Discussion, exercises, self-analysis, and skill practice will be the primary learning methods used in the course. Co-requisite: PSYC 105 or INTR 100. Offered Fall semester. 2 Credit Hours

MGMT 305 - Principles of Management
Examines the concepts and influences operating in business organizations, the functions of managers in that setting, and the managerial role in non-business organizations. Emphasizes historical foundations of management and principles of management theory and how theory is practiced. Contemporary examples are used to illustrate/demonstrate fundamental precepts. Offered Fall, Spring and Summer semesters. This is a writing intensive course. Business writing will be emphasized and several significant written performance tasks will be required. Prerequisite: MATH 141. 4 Credit Hours

MGMT  430 - The Nonprofit Organization
The course provides an overview of the history, development, role, auspices, organization, strategies, and purposes of nonprofit organizations world-wide. Emphasis is placed on structure, planning, policies, organizational leadership/management, governance, stewardship, resource development, community building, advocacy, volunteer services, and problems that face nonprofits. The course addresses social, political, economic, cultural and ideological issues. As a capstone for the Arts Administration major, it is highly integrative and includes a comprehensive strategic project. 4 Credit Hours

PHIL 206 - Introduction to Ethics
Moral philosophy from ancient to recent times. Explores problems involving value judgments, personal freedom and moral responsibility, and the application of philosophy to personal decision making and to current issues in such areas as law, business, and biomedicine. Students learn to refine and justify their own views orally and in writing. Some sections are offered as part of a Learning Community or as a Diversity section. 3 Credit Hours

PLSC 327 - Environmental Politics & Policy
Focuses on continuity and change in the politics of environmentalism within the United States. Includes an in-depth look at the Environmental Protection Agency as a means of examining institutional and public policy activities in the environmental arena, an overview of environmental legislation, and a consideration of pollution prevention strategies. 4 Credit Hours

PUBH 320 - Environmental Health
This course will cover health issues, scientific understanding of causes, and possible future approaches to control of the major environmental health problems in industrialized and developing countries. Topics include how the body reacts to environmental pollutants; physical, chemical, and biological agents of environmental contamination; vectors for dissemination (air, water, soil); solid and hazardous waste; susceptible populations; biomarkers and risk analysis; the scientific basis for policy decisions; and emerging global environmental health problems. Prerequisites: PUBH 305. 4 Credit Hours

ANTH 377 - Environmental Anthropology
Looks at the environment from a bio-cultural perspective, exploring the interconnections of the social, biotic and natural environments. Prehistoric, historic and present day cross-cultural evidence is examined to understand how social categories such as class, ethnicity, gender and religion shape human activity, which in turn affects other species and the physical environment. These relationships cause environmental change leading to a further shaping of human society. Specific issues are addressed, such as how ideas about the environment differ in different cultures and are related to power relations affecting the use of the environment, or the impact of the changing environment on human diseases. Ecotourism and the environmental movement are other topics of interest. Students work in groups to apply policy solutions to environmental problems. They also work to identify and carry out an individual research project on a particular environmental area of interest, making use of anthropological methods and theory. 4 Credit Hours

HPW 300 - Selected Outdoor Skills Courses
Choose from Indoor Rock Climbing, Advanced Indoor Climbing, Ladies Only Indoor Climbing, Outdoor Rock Climbing, Level I Avalanche Awareness, Wilderness First Responder, Intro to Backcountry Skiing, or other skills based certifications, training with the American Mountain Guide Association or National Outdoor Leadership School or other trainings/certifications by approval.

Other Special Topics Courses may be used in the elective category as approved by the Program Advisor - Up  to 2 credits