Background sources, such as specialized encyclopedias and dictionaries, are an essential piece of the research process. They can help you:
- Gather information about your topic and understand the scope of the research.
- Locate reliable sources and clarify keywords.
- Pinpoint important authors, texts, ideas, and keywords about the research area. Knowing what the primary phrases and concepts are will help you a lot
as you are searching library databases and online sources.
Credo Reference is a multi-publisher collection of high quality reference titles covering everything from the arts to astronomy, law to literature, and
science to Shakespeare. The collection currently contains over 162 titles taken from 36 different reference publishers and more titles are being added.
Available titles also include a range of multimedia options including thousands of high quality diagrams, photographs, maps, and audio files. Credo includes
several books on topics in political science.
Search Credo Reference
science books in Credo
Print and e-books are valuable sources for academic research. They will help you to gain an overview of your topic and often contain in-depth information
about the scholarship or history of research on a subject. Some books are written by single authors while others include essays or chapters by multiple
scholars within a discipline. Don’t let the length of books intimidate you because you don’t need to read them from cover to cover. Look at the
table of contents and index to find the sections that are relevant to your work.
Find Books Using GriffinSearch
You can use GriffinSearch to find print and e-books available through Giovale Library. To get started, search by keyword or type in the title of a book
WorldCat.org lets you search for books, articles, videos, and other material that are available in libraries worldwide. If you are doing in-depth
research on a topic and are considering requesting resources through interlibrary loan, WorldCat can help you discover resources that might not be in the
Giovale Library collection.
Hathi Trust provides millions of digitized books from libraries around the world. Materials are made freely available to the extent permitted by the
Search Hathi Trust
InterLibrary Loan (ILL)
InterLibrary Loan is a service where patrons of one library can borrow books and other materials, and access journal articles that are owned by another
Utah Academic Library Consortium
Giovale Library participates in the Utah Academic Library Consortium (UALC) and Westminster College students have reciprocal circulation privileges at
UALC partner libraries. Each UALC library has different circulation policies, but all require a
current, valid, legal photo identification and proof of current enrollment at Westminster. Some libraries may also require other verification methods, so it
is recommended that you contact the member library you are interested in for details.
Utah Academic Library Consortium
The Giovale Library provides access to a number of subject databases that you can use to find journal articles on topics within a specific discipline or
field of study. The databases listed on this page are those that are most useful for finding research published in the field of political science.
GriffinSearch is a good starting place if you are looking for books, journal articles, films, and other material available in the library. In addition to
searching the Giovale Library catalog for physical materials, GriffinSearch finds e-books and articles from several of our databases.
Worldwide Political Science Abstracts
Provides citations, abstracts, and indexing of the international serials literature in political science and its complementary fields. Including
citations to core journals in political science and an expanding focus on international titles. This database is not included in GriffinSearch.
Political Science Abstracts
This resource covers issues in the public debate through selective coverage of a wide variety of international sources including journal articles, books,
government documents, statistical directories, grey literature, research reports, conference papers, web content, and more. This database is not included in
JSTOR is an archive of full text articles from journals in the arts, humanities, and social sciences. It includes retrospective coverage of
publications as well as access to many current journals. Pro tip: In advanced search you can limit to search Political Science or Law
Centered on the discipline of law and legal topics, Legal Collection is a collection of scholarly peer-reviewed publications including law journals,
documents, and case studies. Legal Collection offers full text for more than 260 of the world's best law journals. This database provides information
centered on the discipline of law and legal topics such as criminal justice, international law, federal law, organized crime, medical, labor & human
resource law, ethics, the environment and much more.
GenderWatch is a full text database of publications that focus on the impact of gender across a broad spectrum of subject areas. GenderWatch supports
programs in business, health sciences, history, political science, public policy, sociology and contemporary culture, gender and women's studies, and more.
PUblications include academic and scholarly journals, magazines, newspapers, newsletters, regional publications, books, booklets and pamphlets, conference
proceedings, and government, NGO, and special reports. This database is not included in GriffinSearch.
Sources by Region
Fuente Academica is a unique collection of scholarly academic journals from renowned Latin America, South American, and Spanish publishers. This database
provides full text and PDFs for more than 100 scholarly Spanish language journals.
Search Fuente Academica
Red de Revistas Científicas de América Latina, El Caribe, España, y Portugal (Redalyc)
Open access database that provides full text access to journals about Latin America in the social sciences and the humanities. Mainly published in Latin
America, Spain, and Portugal. Created by the Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México.
Latin America Open Archives Portal (LAOAP)
"The Latin America Open Archives Portal is a project of the Latin Americanist Research Resources Project—LARRP, in collaboration with the Latin
America Network Information Center—LANIC, to improve access to social sciences grey literature produced in Latin America."
SCIELO: Scientific Electronic Library Online
Open access social science and scientific journals from Latin America.
Index Islamicus is a collection of journal articles, conference proceedings, monographs, multi-authored works, and book reviews on aspects of the Islam
and Muslim world. Subject areas include: literature and language, social sciences, history, and the arts.
Middle East—Topics & Arguments
"Middle East—Topics & Arguments (META) is an international interdisciplinary open access journal. It is published half-yearly by the Center for
Near and Middle Eastern Studies (CNMS) at the Philipps-Universität Marburg."
University of Cambridge Islamic Manuscripts
Online archive of Islamic manuscripts.
Search the University of Cambridge Islamic Manuscripts
Sociedad de Estudios Iranios y Turanios
"Sociedad de Estudios Iranios y Turanios was born in 2014 in Spain. The aim of this society is to promote and improve the study of the Iranian and
Turanian linguistics, history, culture, etc. not only in Spain, but also worldwide. This is possible thanks to the meetings and workshops organized by the
members of the society, as well as the journals and other types of available publications."
Search Sociedad de Estudios Iranios y Turanios
African Studies Abstracts Online
The open access catalog of the African Studies Center Library at the University of Leiden (Holland) is a database of articles in journals as well as
books. Full text is not available, but journals cited may be available in Griffin Search or via ILL.
Search African Studies Abstracts Online
African Studies Thesaurus
"A structured vocabulary of over 12,000 English terms in the field of African studies, the African Studies Thesaurus is developed and maintained by staff
at the library of the African Studies Centre Leiden." It includes "the names of countries and regions, ethnic groups, African languages, African policies,
and political parties in Africa...British English is preferred, but American-English variants are included as non-preferred terms."
Search the African Studies Thesaurus
African Online Digital Library
The African Online Digital Library (AODL) is a portal to multimedia collections about Africa. MATRIX, in cooperation with the African Studies Center at
Michigan State University, is partnering with universities and cultural heritage organizations in Africa to build this resource.
Search the African Online Digital Library
16th–Early 20th Century Maps of Africa
Digital copies of 113 antique maps from the Melville J. Herskovits Library of African Studies at Northwestern University.
Search 16th–Early 20th Century Maps of Africa
The Asia-Pacific Journal
Peer reviewed, open access journal that focuses on the Asia-Pacific region.
Search the Asia-Pacific Journal
Japanese Institutional Repositories Online
Eighty-four academic institutions participated in this repository venture. It contains theses, dissertation, research papers, departmental bulletin
papers, and journal articles. Searchable in English and Japanese.
Search the Japanese Institutional Repositories
You may need up-to-date data on countries you are studying. Below are sources that will provide you with reliable data on countries from around the
CIA World Factbook
Provides information on the history, people, government, economy, geography, communications, transportation, military, and transnational issues for 267
Search the CIA World Factbook
BBC News Country Profiles
Guide to history, politics, and economic background of countries. Included are basic statistics, profiles of governmental leaders, and other relevant
data. They also include audio and video clips from the BBC archive.
Search BCC News
Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets
Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets (formerly known as Background Noise) include facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions,
economy, and foreign relations of independent states, some dependencies, and areas of special sovereignty. These fact sheets are created and updated by the
US State Department of State.
Search Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets
Statistics Bureau of Japan
Statistics provided by the Japanese Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications
Search Statistics Bureau of Japan
Provides easy access to Census Bureau services, including: decennial census, community facts, economic census, population estimates, and more.
Search American FactFinder
Citing your sources helps you avoid plagiarism and shows that you’ve done research to become knowledgeable about your topic. Proper citations allow
your readers to track down your sources and help them understand how your research is connected to the work of others in your field. On this page, you will
find guides and tools to help you format citations, and you will learn about what constitutes plagiarism.
How to Cite Sources
With all of the many ways that you can plagiarize someone’s work, either accidentally or on purpose, how can you make sure that you’re citing
your sources correctly each and every time? One way is to become familiar with reputable sources that will help you learn or confirm that how you are citing
your source is correct. Political Science uses both the Chicago Manual of Style and APA. It is important to talk to your professor to find out what citation
style you should use.
PurdueOWL contains writing guides, grammatical rules, and citation help that will
assist with many writing projects. The Chicago Manual of Style Citation
Guide is a thorough resource on everything you need to know about Chicago formatting and style. PurdueOWL also has a helpful Formatting Guide for APA. Remember to ask your professor which style guide
you should use.
The library has a copy of the Chicago Manual of Style 16th edition and the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association 6th
edition behind the circulation desk that can be consulted as well.
Zotero is an ideal tool to gather, analyze, and document all of your sources.
What is Plagiarism?
Plagiarism means taking someone else’s work or ideas and passing them off as your own. Plagiarism can either be intentional or unintentional, and
even the most careful writer could accidentally plagiarize without fully knowing it. For example, did you know that it is plagiarism even if you
misattribute a quote to the wrong author? Even if you cited the source and put their name in your works cited, if the wrong person received credit for
someone else’s work, it can still be considered plagiarism. Other lesser known forms of plagiarism include:
- Copy and pasting someone else’s work and turning it in as your own (without citing your source)
- Using a quote from someone without giving them credit
- Inadvertently giving the wrong person credit, thereby not giving credit to the correct source
- Not putting a quotation in quotation marks
- Changing a few words here and there, but keeping the main ideas of a sentence without giving credit to the original author
That just includes written works. There are other ways that you might accidentally be plagiarizing images, videos, and music, too, such as:
- Copying pictures from Google or another website to use without saying where you found the image
- Using copyrighted music or video clips without permission. This includes playing "cover songs" without permission, too.
- Making a video that includes copyrighted music or movies playing in the background
Of course, all of these scenarios of potential plagiarism can be avoided by knowing how to properly cite your sources. Just say where you found the image
or who wrote the book and you’ll be fine.